January - April - Britain had the The Big Freeze of 1963
End of the Mercury program of United States manned spaceflight
The divorce case of the Duke and Duchess of Argyll causes scandal in the
Harvey Ball invents the ubiquitous smiley face aka happy face
The IEEE Computer Society is founded
Convenience store chain, 7-Eleven, celebrates its 1000th store opening.
Speedee Mart in California and enters into franchising. First 24-hour
operation was introduced in
Austin, TX and Las Vegas, NV
Beatlemania begins in England
Bra burning becomes a symbol of the women's liberation movement
Girls of the Class of 1970 starts the 1963-1964 school year in Main
January 11 - The Whisky a Go Go night
club in Los Angeles, California, the first disco in the
United States, is opened.
January 14 - George C. Wallace becomes
governor of Alabama. In his inaugural speech, he
defiantly proclaims "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, and
January 28 - Black student Harvey Gantt enters Clemson University
in South Carolina, the last
U.S. state to hold out against racial integration.
February 8 - Travel, financial and
commercial transactions by United States citizens to Cuba
are made illegal by the John F. Kennedy Administration.
February 11 - The CIA's Domestic
Operations Division is created.
February 21 - An earthquake destroys the village of Barce, Libya,
February 27 - Female suffrage is enacted in Iran.
March 1 - Yoko Ono's marriage to
American Christian fundamentalist filmmaker Anthony Cox is
March 5 - Country singer, Patsy Cline, died in
a plane crash on the way home from a benefit in
Kansas City, Missouri.
March 4 - In Paris, 6 people are
sentenced to death for conspiring to assassinate President
Charles de Gaulle. De Gaulle pardoned 5 of them but the other conspirator
were executed by
squad few days later.
March 16 - Mount Agung erupts on Bali, killing 11,000.
March 21 - The Alcatraz Island federal penitentiary in San
Francisco Bay closes; the last 27
prisoners are transferred elsewhere at the order of Attorney General
Robert F. Kennedy.
April 10 - The U.S. nuclear submarine Thresher sinks 220 miles east
of Cape Cod with all hands
May 1 - The Coca-Cola Company debuts its first diet drink, TaB
May 15–16 - L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., performed the last Mercury mission and
completed 22 orbits
Faith 7 to evaluate effects of one day in space. Time: 34
hours, 19 minutes.
May 23 - Fidel Castro visits the
June 3 - Pope John XXIII dies.
June 5 - First annual NHL draft is held in Montreal, Quebec.
June 11 - Alabama Governor George C. Wallace stands in the door of
the University of Alabama
to protest integration, before stepping aside and allowing African
Americans James Hood and
Vivian Malone to enroll.
June 11 - President John F. Kennedy makes an historic civil rights
speech, in which he promises
a Civil Rights Bill, and asks for "the kind of equality of treatment that
we would want for
June 12 - Medgar Evers is murdered in Jackson, Mississippi (his
killer is convicted in 1994).
June 16 - Vostok 6 carries Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova,
the first woman, into space.
June 17 - Abington School District v. Schempp: The U.S. Supreme
Court rules that state-
mandated Bible reading in public schools is unconstitutional.
June 21 - Pope Paul VI (Giovanni Battista Montini) succeeds Pope
John XXIII as the 262nd pope.
July 1 - ZIP Codes are introduced in the U.S.
July 26 - An earthquake in Skopje, Yugoslavia leaves 1,800 dead.
July 26 - NASA launches Syncom, the world's first geostationary
August 5 - The United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union sign
a nuclear test ban treaty.
August 8 - The Great Train Robbery of 1963 takes place in
August 18 - American civil rights movement: James Meredith becomes
the first black person to
graduate from the University of Mississippi.
August 28 - Martin Luther King, Jr. delivers his "I Have A Dream"
speech on the steps of the
Lincoln Memorial to an audience of at least 250,000 during the March on
Washington for Jobs
August 30 -
Washington-to-Moscow "hot line"
communications link opens, designed to reduce
of accidental war.
September 7 - The Pro Football Hall of
Fame opens in Canton, Ohio with 17 charter members.
September 10 - Mafia boss Bernardo Provenzano is indicted for
murder (he is captured 43 years
later, on April 11, 2006).
September 24 - The U.S. Senate ratifies the nuclear test ban
October 1 - Nigeria becomes a republic; The 1st Republican
Constitution is established.
October 4 - Hurricane Flora, one of the worst Atlantic storms in
history, hits Hispaniola and
Cuba killing nearly 7,000 people.
October 9 - In northeast Italy, over 2,000 people are killed when a
large landslide behind the
Vajont Dam causes a giant wave of water to overtop it.
October 10 - The nuclear test ban treaty, signed on August 5, takes
October 31 - 74 die in a gas explosion at a coliseum in
Indianapolis, IN, United States.
Though the Beatles were still largely unknown
in the U.S. On this day, Ed Sullivan got his first
glimpse of Beatlemania. His plane at Heathrow Airport outside London was delayed
due to the
hordes of screaming Beatles fans welcoming the boys back from an overseas
concert. When he
was notified about the cause of the delay, Ed Sullivan said, "Who the hell are
That experience prompted him to book them on his show in 1964. (The Beatles, for
had not previously heard of Ed Sullivan).
November 2 - South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem is
assassinated following a military
November 6 - Vietnam War: Coup leader General Duong Van Minh takes
over as leader of South
November 7 - Wunder von Lengede: In Germany, 11 miners are rescued
from a collapsed mine
after 14 days.
November 9 - Miike Coal Mine explosion: In Japan, a coal mine
explosion kills 458 and sends 839
carbon monoxide poisoning victims to the hospital.
November 9 - A triple-train disaster in Yokohama, Japan kills 161.
November 14 - A volcanic eruption under the sea near Iceland
creates a new island, Surtsey.
November 18 - The Dartford Tunnel opens in the U.K.
November 22 - Believe it or not - CBS Morning News aired
a footage featuring The Beatles at a
concert in Europe and Walter Cronkite scheduled a repeat of this segment for the
Evening News with Walter Cronkite" during the evening news hour. This
segment was scrapped
due to the events of this day but was aired later on
December 7th to relift the
The nation in despair over four days, watched Kennedy assassinated and buried on
November 22 - In Dallas, Texas,
United States President John F.
Kennedy is assassinated, Texas
Governor John B. Connally is seriously
wounded, and Vice President
Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn in
as the 36th President.
We in this country, in this generation, are--by destiny rather than choice--the
watchmen on the
walls of world freedom. We ask, therefore, that we may be worthy of our power
that we may exercise our strength with wisdom and restraint, and that we may
achieve in our time
and for all time the ancient vision of "peace on earth, good will toward men."
That must always be
our goal, and the righteousness of our cause must always underlie our strength.
For as was written
long ago: "except the Lord keep the city, the watchman waketh but in vain."
Remarks Intended for
Delivery at the Trade Mart in Dallas, President John F. Kennedy, November 22,
So let us not be petty when our cause is so great. Let us not quarrel amongst
ourselves when our
Nation's future is at stake. Let us stand together with renewed confidence in
our cause--united in
our heritage of the past and our hopes for the future--and determined that this
land we love shall
lead all mankind into new frontiers of peace and abundance. Remarks Intended for
delivery to the
Texas Democratic State Committee in the Municipal Auditorium in Austin,
President John F.
Kennedy, November 22, 1963
Miscellaneous Information about
John F. Kennedy.
An overview of this day about
John F. Kennedy.
"He didn't even have the satisfaction of being killed for civil rights .
. . . It's — it had to be some silly
little Communist." — Jackie Kennedy, on hearing that a leftist had been arrested
for her husband's
murder - Extensive Information on the Assassination of
John F. Kennedy.
November 23 - The first episode of the BBC television series
Doctor Who is broadcast in the United
The Golden Age Nursing Home Fire kills 63 elderly
people near Fitchville, Ohio.
November 24 - First murder seen live on
shoots Lee Harvey
November 24 - Vietnam War: New U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson
confirms that the United
States intends to continue supporting South Vietnam militarily and
November 25 - U.S. President Kennedy is buried at Arlington
November 29 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson establishes the
Warren Commission to
investigate the assassination of President Kennedy.
November 29 - Trans-Canada Airlines Flight 831, a Douglas DC-8
carrying 118, crashes into a
wooded hillside after taking-off from Dorval International Airport near
Montreal, killing all on
board (the worst air disaster for many years in Canada's history).
December 3 - The Warren Commission
begins its investigation.
December 5 - The Seliger Forschungs-und-Entwicklungsgesellschaft
mbH demonstrates rockets
military use to military representatives of non-NATO-countries near
rockets land via parachute at the end of their flight and no allied laws
are violated, the
Union protests this action.
December 7 - Though "The Ed Sullivan
Show" was the first TV program in America to host the
Beatles, (on February 9, 1964), ABC and CBS shot concert footage of the
band in November 1963
as Beatlemania swept England. On this day, "The CBS Evening News with
featured footage of Beatles fans at a concert. This footage, which was
part of an entertainment
segment, was originally scheduled to air at the end of the CBS Evening
News on November 22.
December 10 - In the United States, the X-20 Dyna-Soar spaceplane
program is cancelled.
December 12 - Kenya becomes independent, with Jomo Kenyatta as
December 19 - Zanzibar gains independence from Great Britain as a
under Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah.
December 21 - Cyprus Emergency: inter-communal fighting erupts
between Greek Cypriots and
December 22 - The cruise ship Lakonia burns 180 miles north of
Madeira, with the loss of 128
December 26 - I Want to Hold Your Hand and I Saw Her Standing There
are released in the U.S.,
which is the beginning of Beatlemania.
It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World, How the West Was Won, Cleopatra, The
Lawrence of Arabia, Mutiny on the Bounty, To Kill a Mockingbird, Son of
Flubber, Fun in
Acapulco, A Gathering of Eagles, The Great Escape, The Birds, From Russia
The Nutty Professor, The Pink Panther,
What we watched on Television:
April 1 - General Hospital on ABC (1963-present).
September 16 - The Outer Limits premieres on ABC (1963-1965).
September 24 - Petticoat Junction premieres on CBS (1963-1970).
September 29 - The Judy Garland Show premieres on CBS (1963-1964).
Ended this year:
June 20 - Leave It to Beaver (1957-1963).
January 29 - Robert Frost, American poet (b. 1874)
March 5 - Patsy Cline, American singer (b. 1932)
August 9 - Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, infant son of President and Mrs.
Kennedy (b. 1963)
November 22 - C. S. Lewis, Irish-born British writer (b. 1898)
February 9 -
Travis Tritt, American singer
February 17 - Michael Jordan, American basketball player
February 17 - Larry, the Cable Guy, American comedian
February 20 - Charles Barkley, American basketball player
February 21- William Baldwin, American actor
March 18 - Vanessa L. Williams, American beauty queen, actress, and
March 27 - Quentin Tarantino,
American film director, actor, and Academy Award-winning
April 8 - Julian Lennon, musician son of John Lennon,
April 13 - Garry Kasparov, Russian chess player
April 18 - Conan O'Brien, American television entertainer
April 30 - Michael Waltrip, American race car driver
May 23 - Gregg "Opie" Hughes, American radio personality (The Opie and
June 9 - Johnny Depp, actor
June 15 - Helen Hunt
June 16 - James Fullington, American professional wrestler who goes by The
June 25 - George Michael, English singer
July 4 - Christopher George Kennedy, son of Robert F Kennedy
July 30 - Lisa Kudrow, American actress
August 9 - Whitney Houston, American singer
August 13 - John Slattery, American actor
August 19 - John Stamos, American actor
October 10 - Daniel Pearl, American journalist (d. 2002)
October 28 - Lauren Holly, American actress
October 30 - Kristina Wagner, American actress
December 18 - Brad Pitt, American actor