Convenience store chain, 7-Eleven, celebrates its 500th store opening
February 1 -
Black sit-in at
Greensboro, N.C., diner receives
April 1 -
Tiros 1, the first successful weather satellite, is launched by
the United States. Two
television cameras in the satellite returned views of clouds above the Earth.
Tiros 1 was only
operational for 78 days, but proved that satellites could be a useful tools for
conditions from space.
April 20 - for the
first time since coming home from military service in Germany, Elvis Presley
returns to Hollywood, California to film G.I. Blues
May 1 - American
U-2 spy plane, piloted by Francis Gary
Powers, shot down over
May 9 - The Food and Drug Administration approves sale of the
May 10 - The world's first nuclear submarine
USS Nautilus completes the first under
May 15 -
Sputnik 4 is launched into Earth orbit.
July 1 - A Soviet MiG fighter north of Murmansk in the Barents Sea shot
down a six-man
crew. Two young United States Air Force officers survived and were imprisoned in
dreaded Lubyanka prison.
July 4 - With the admission of Hawaii as the 50th U.S. state on August
21, 1959, the 50-star
the United States debuts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
August 6 - Cuba
nationalizes American and foreign-owned property in the nation and the United
States responded by placing an embargo
on Cuba, which is still in place after more than 40 years.
August 19 -
Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches
Sputnik 5 with the
dogs Belka and
(Russian for "Squirrel" and "Little Arrow"), 40 mice, 2 rats and a variety of
will return to earth the next day and all animals will be recovered safely.
September 8 - In Huntsville, Alabama, US President Dwight D. Eisenhower
Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA had already activated the facility on July
September 26 -
American Presidential Candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon
live on television.
The candidates behavior during the debate most likely
the election. In
being the first Presidential debates to be broadcast on
marked the first time "split screen" images were used by a
October 14 - US presidential candidate John F. Kennedy first suggests the
idea for the Peace
October 29 - In Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay (who later took the
name Muhammad Ali)
his first professional fight.
November 8 - U.S. presidential election, 1960: In a closely-fought race,
John F. Kennedy is
Richard M. Nixon, becoming the
youngest man elected to that office.
December 1 - A 5-ton Soviet space ship containing animals,
insects and plants was launched
orbit. The spacecraft burned up upon re-entry.
December 2 - U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorized the use of
$1M for the relief and
resettlement of Cuban refugees in Florida. Cuban refugees
were arriving in Florida at the rate
1,000 a week.
December 8 -
Echo I, the first communications satellite,
December 20 - Discoverer XIX was launched into polar orbit from
Vandenberg Air Force Base, to
Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho terrifies movie-goers and becomes
one of the
most successful films, as well as one of the most memorable psychological
What we watched on Television: The Andy
Griffith Show, The Flintstones, My Three Sons, The
Twilight Zone. The Ed
Sullivan Show begins it's 12th season and continues to run for another 11
Ninety percent of U.S. homes
have a television set.
Passings: Clark Gable, November 16.
Births: James Spader, actor (Pretty in
Pink, Stargate, The Practice, Boston Legal), February 7;
actress (Star Trek: The Next Generation as Counselor Deanna Troi), March 29;
Brad Garrett, actor
(Everybody Loves Raymond), April 14; John Billingsley, actor (Star Trek:
Enterprise as Dr.
May 20; David
Duchovny, actor (The X-Files), August 7; Cal Ripken,
Jr., baseball, August 24;
F. Kennedy, Jr.,
lawyer and journalist (d. 1999), November 25;
John Allen Muhammad, convicted Beltway sniper,